Hewlett-Packard Co. said Monday it plans to slash 24,600 jobs over the next three years, nearly 8 percent of its work force, as it combines operations with Electronic Data Systems Corp., the technology-services company it recently acquired.
The cuts represent the Palo Alto-based company’s most aggressive move yet to streamline its operations under Chief Executive Mark Hurd, who engineered the $13.9 billion acquisition to challenge IBM Corp. for more of the lucrative, long-term business of helping companies manage their computing infrastructure.
Most of the cuts will come from within EDS’s ranks, and nearly half will be jobs in the U.S., HP announced Monday after the stock market closed. HP said it plans to eventually add about half the positions back as different jobs in different departments within the company.
Some of the areas expected to get hit include the finance, human resources and legal departments, areas where there are traditionally overlapping duties within combined companies.
Big cuts were expected when HP announced the deal with Plano, Texas-based EDS in May, but the severity of the reductions surprised some industry observers.
“The number, nearly 25,000 people, is a heck of a lot of overlap – that’s what I find surprising,” said analyst Bob Djurdjevic with Annex Research. “The deal does make sense, but my questions and doubts have to do with the execution and whether these cutbacks can really improve the profitability of EDS, that’s the bottom line.”
Djurdjevic said EDS had been cutting jobs before it was acquired by HP, and that some investors were concerned the cutbacks didn’t address a key problem for EDS in the need to ink more profitable deals, a challenge that now falls to HP.
HP had not previously detailed how many employees of the combined company would lose their jobs. Before the acquisition, HP had 178,000 people and EDS had 142,000, a total of 320,000.
HP expects to save $1.8 billion per year from the cuts once the restructuring is complete. The company will incur a $1.7 billion charge in the current three-month period, its fiscal fourth quarter, for a goodwill adjustment and other costs connected to the restructuring.
At a conference with financial analysts Monday, HP Chief Financial Officer Cathie Lesjak said the EDS deal is expected to add to HP’s net profit in the 2010 fiscal year.
Until then, HP is planning for the acquisition to reduce net income by 17 cents to 19 cents a share in the current quarter, which ends Oct. 31, and 6 cents to 11 cents per share in the 2009 fiscal year, Lesjak said at the conference in San Francisco.
As huge as the reductions are, they’re not the biggest in tech history.
In the early 1990s, Armonk, N.Y.-based IBM shed more than 150,000 workers over a five-year stretch as it racked up nearly $16 billion in losses and faced questions about its survival.
With the addition of EDS, HP hopes to challenge IBM’s core services business in a bigger way.
HP and EDS had a combined $38.8 billion in services revenue last year. The combined sales eclipsed HP’s revenues from its personal-computer division, HP’s biggest business unit for that period. HP is the world’s No. 1 seller of PCs worldwide.
IBM had $51.4 billion in total technology and business-services revenue in 2007.
Competition for services contracts is intensifying as businesses look for ways to offload some of their information-technology chores. Rising energy prices and demand for more computing power has made deploying new technology more costly and complicated, a combination that makes outsourcing those duties increasingly attractive for companies looking to cut costs.
The turmoil on Wall Street has actually increased demand for those services in some sectors because it’s often viewed as an investment that can help companies save money over the long term.
One of the biggest challenges facing Hurd has been finding new ways to improve sales at a company that last year cracked $100 billion in revenue for the first time while keeping Wall Street happy with improving profit margins.
Hurd has been aggressive about cutting costs since he was hired in 2005. His first big act was a major restructuring that eliminated nearly 15,000 jobs.
Hurd’s changes have helped HP wring more profits from its businesses even as the personal-computer industry as a whole grapples with shrinking profit margins, and HP’s crown-jewel business – printer ink – faces intensifying competition from lower-cost competitors.
HP shares fell $1.64, or 3.5 percent, to $45.33 in regular-session trading. In after-hours trading, the stock gained 37 cents to $45.70.